Bonsai Training Information

Betula pendula
Silver Birch

The lovely silver birch is often planted as a garden or park tree it is a slender and graceful deciduous tree with silvery white bark and double-toothed serrated margins almost triangular leaves. A native to northern areas that is grown for its beautiful white bark. The tree will grow to 50 feet or more and about 25 feet wide. It has excellent cold tolerance and will grow comfortably in our colder parts too.


Formal upright, Informal Upright, Slanting, Cascade, Semi-cascade, Literate, Broom, Rock-over-root, Clasped-to-rock, Twin-trunk, Clump, Sinuous, Straight Line, Group planting, Saikei




Birches like a lot of light, although some shade is advisable in the hottest areas or in midsummer


Requires consistently moist soil; do not let it dry out between waterings and ensure that the pot does not water log.


Every two weeks from early spring till the end of summer. Use a balanced fertiliser.

Leaf and Branch Pruning:

Trim back shoots to the first pair of leaves throughout growth. It is wise to make large pruning cuts late in the season, as birches "bleed" profusely when the sap begins to run.

Re-potting & Growing Medium:

Birches younger than age 10 will need repotting every two-three years. Older trees need repotting as necessary. Repot in spring, before bud burst, using free-draininig soil mix. Use 3 part Akadama to 1 part Pumice or Fuji Grit.


Care should be taken to protect the bark when wiring.


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