Bonsai Training Information

Ficus benghalensis
Banyan Fig, Bengal Fig, Banyan

Ficus benghalensis is a species of banyan endemic to vast tracts of the Indian Sub-continent It can grow into a giant tree covering several acers. The Banyan produces aerial roots that take root and grow into woody trunks. Eventually making it almost impossible to identify the main trunk. In the India where it is an auspicious tree, it a very popular Bonsai Species, making medium to large Bonsai.


Informal Upright, Rock-over-root, Clasped-to-rock, Twin-trunk, Clump, Sinuous, Group planting, Saikei




Light position but out of direct sunlight


Water well but let pot dry out between watering. Loves to be sprayed and misted. If grown in green house above 20C with a misting will give of lots of aerial shoots. Is drought tolerant .


Bi-weekly during summer season. Monthly in winter. In warmer climates feed biweekly throughout the year.

Leaf and Branch Pruning:

Pruning encourages new shoot growth and is best carried out during the warmer growing seasons. To maintain shape cut back to the last two leafs on shoots that have grown 5-6 leafs.

Re-potting & Growing Medium:

Young trees repot every year in early summer when night temperatures do not below double figures. This is a sensitive Ficus when it come to root pruning, do not remove more than 20% of the root ball. Do not bare root if can be avoided. Use Loam, Clay and Sand in equal amounts. Do not attempt to wire or prune extensively for three months after transplanting. Sudden changes of temperature may cause all the leaves to drop.


Wiring can be done at any time of the year. Ficus branches are soft so wiring should not be allowed to remain on then for more then a few months at a time - to avoid wire marks.


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