Bonsai Training Information

Crataegus laevigata
Midland Hawthorn, Woodland Hawthorn

The Midland Hawthorn is a native of Europe, and in the UK is commonly found in the Midlands, where it is a small tree that grows to about 20 feet. It has little fall colour, and the fruits are not showy. Its outstanding feature is its flowers, which can be white, pink or red, with varieties that single or double flowers. It is fast becoming a popular Bonsai Species.


Formal upright, Informal Upright, Slanting, Cascade, Semi-cascade, Broom, Rock-over-root, Clasped-to-rock, Twin-trunk, Clump, Group planting, Saikei




Full sun, partial shade in the hottest part of midsummer. Most hawthorns dislike extreme heat. They are resistant to windy conditions.


Generous - do not allow the soil to dry out completely. Increase the amount of water in the summer.


Every 14-30 days from spring-autumn, stopping for a month in midsummer. Use half-strength plant food or bonsai feed.

Leaf and Branch Pruning:

Prune back shoots to the first two leaves as necessary. Hawthorn grows quickly and needs constant pruning to keep it under control. The best time for major branch pruning is before the leaves come in to allow you to see an define the tree structure.

Re-potting & Growing Medium:

Every 2-3 years in early spring or autumn. Always leave a strong root system. Up to 1/3 of the root mass may be removed if the tree is a strong grower, beware that hawthorns are prone to rooting problems so best to use a well draining soil mix. Use 3 Parts Akadama and 1 part Pumice.


May be wired during spring and summer.


Remove faded fruits and flowers; it may be necessary to remove some of the fruit from young bonsai to prevent the plant from exhaustion.

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